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Facts about Scotland

ScotlandScotland Scotland map

National Symbol and flag

Scotland is about the size of South Carolina.
To find out more Click here

Scotland is about twice as large as Holland

Where is Scotland?

Scotland is in north-west Europe and is part of Great Britain, an island country ( See map ) and the United Kingdom (UK) .

ScotlandScotland is a mountainous country in the north of the island of Great Britain and shares a land border to the south with England and is bounded by the North Sea on the east and the Atlantic Ocean on the west. Its capital city is Edinburgh.

Scotland has some 790 islands - 130 inhabited.

Scotland is Famous for....

Its fresh water lochs (lakes) – there are over 600 square miles of them. One of the most famous is Loch Ness where a mysterious monster is said to lurk in the depths of the water.

It is also famous for its clans, kilts, medieval castles, as well as poetry and songs of Robert Burns.

Theatre lovers from around the world come to Edinburgh for its famous theatres festival.

Famous People of Scotland

Famous Scots include: Walter Scott, Robert Louis Stevenson, Arthur Conan Doyle, David Hume and the actor Sean Connery.

Famous musicians of Scotland include Annie Lennox, Wet Wet Wet, Travis and Simple Minds.


In July 1, 1999, the Scottish Parliament was opened by HM the Queen, the first Scottish Parliament for 300 years. Scottish parliament responsibilities include social work services, health, local government and education.

Interesting Facts

Edinburgh was the first city in the world which had its own fire-brigade.

Edinburgh – the capital of Scotland, like Rome, was built on seven hills.

Until 1603, Scotland had its own King.

Country Facts

Nemo me impune lacessit (No one provokes me with impunity)
Cross of St Andrew
National Day: 30 November
 78,789 sq km
5,054,800 (2002)
Capital City:
Major Cities:
 Aberdeen, Dundee, Glasgow
Official Language:
 English (Scottish Gaelic is spoken by 1.4 percent of the population)
Nationality : Scottish and British
Find out more
Anthem (song) : Flower of Scotland
Main religions:
Church of Scotland (Presbyterian) Scottish Episcopal Church, Roman Catholicism
Highest point:
 Ben Nevis (1,343 m)
Lowest point:
Bed of Loch Morar, Scotland 987 ft
(300 m) below sea level
Longest river:
 Tay 193 kilometres (120 miles ) long
Largest Lake:
 Loch Lomond (60 sq km)
40 km (24 miles) long
Official Animal Unicorn

Questions about England

Why does England dominate the UK? next

Questions about Great Britain

What is Great Britain?
Is Britain the same as Great Britain?
Which countries are in Great Britain?

Find out about Great Britain next

Questions about the United Kingdom

Where is the UK?
What countries make up the UK?
What is the official title (name) of the UK?
Why is the whole of Ireland not part of the UK?
How and why was the UK formed?

Find out about the UK next

Questions about the British Isles

What is the British Isles?

Find out about the British Isles next


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Events and special days in the UK
British Life
Pooh down the River Thames

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© Copyright Mandy Barrow 2013

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Mandy is the creator of the Woodlands Resources section of the Woodlands Junior website. 
The two websites and are the new homes for the Woodlands Resources.

Mandy left Woodlands in 2003 to work in Kent schools as an ICT Consulatant. 
She now teaches computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.