Lent, Easter and Christmas are the main religious festivals of the Christian Year. Most people in England celebrate Christmas and Easter. School children have two weeks off school during Christmas and Easter.
The Christian Year
The Christian year is divided up with events which remind us of the life of Jesus. It begins with the season of Advent, at the very end of November, which is a period of preparation for the coming of Christ, and then moves through the story of his life to the important focus of Holy Week and Easter. After celebrating the resurrection of Jesus, the story focuses on the founding of the Church itself, with the coming of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost, before settling down for a period of teaching and consolidation of the faith during the weeks of Trinity.
Some festivals, like Christmas Day, happen on the same date every year, while others move around within a range of dates.
The reason is because the Christian Calendar grew out of two other Calendars, the Jewish and the Roman.
In their distant past, the Jews were a nomadic ( wandering) people. As they often travelled at night, the moon was of great importance to them, and they based their calendar on its phases. The first great Christian festivals sprang from Jewish ones.
The Christian Church grew and expanded under the Roman Empire which followed a calendar controlled by the sun. When the church began to introduce festivals of its very own, not based on the Jews, they fixed them on dates already in the Roman Calendar. The Christian Calendar is thus a dual one, with 'fixed' feats based on the Roman 'solar' calendar, and 'moveable' ones based on the Jewish 'lunar' calendar.
Easter is the season in which Christians remember the death and resurrection of Jesus. It is the most important festival in the Christian year. Jesus' resurrection is at the centre of the Christian faith. Jesus died for the sins of humanity and by coming back to life promises eternal life for all those who believe in him.
Easter is the story of Jesus' last days in Jerusalem before the death of Jesus.
Ascension Day commemorates the ascension of Jesus into heaven forty days after his resurrection from the dead.
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Pentecost is the festival when Christians celebrate the gift of the Holy Spirit.
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Christians celebrate harvest festivals in the autumn. It is a thanks giving to God for his beautiful and fruitful creation.
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OTHER FESTIVALS and HOLIDAYS
Not all of England's festivals are connected to religion. For a full list of special days in England and information about each, please click here.
In the summer there are many village fairs, street festivals and town carnivals all over the United Kingdom.
Visit our main index of Festivals, Holidays and Special Days in Britain