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Types of Transport in Britain









Roads and motorways are Britain's primary domestic transport routes. There are some 225,000 miles (362,000 km) of roads in Britain.

M25 motorway

Travel by car, van or taxi is by far the most common means of transport, accounting for 85 per cent of passenger mileage in Great Britain.
(London Transport)

Average distances travelled per person in Britain per year in 1999/2001:

  • walking 189 miles (244 miles in 1985/86),
  • bicycle 39 (44),
  • bus 342 (406),
  • train 368 (292),
  • car 5354 (3796).
    Source: National Travel Survey 2001

Cars

Cars

Most people in Britain travel by car. About 75% of households have at least one car.

cars
Small white van parked in between cars

Motorcycles

Motorbikes

Motorcycling is popular in Britain, both as a means of transport and as a pastime with over one million motorcyclists.

A moped with an engine capacity up to 50cc can be ridden at the age of 16 with a provisional licence. The maximum legal speed a moped can be ridden is 30 mph (50kph).

A full motorcycle licence can be obtained at the age of 17 after passing a test.

Lorries

Lorry
Most goods are transported by roads in lorries

At the beginning of the 20th century, railway trains and canal barges were the main means of transporting heavy goods. Now around 65% are carried by lorries.

Buses and Coaches

We have single decker and double decker buses. You can see them in our towns and cities. We use coaches for travelling longer distances or for going on school outings.

London bus

The red double decker buses (pictured below) are famous all over the world. You can see loads of them in London.

A Double Decker bus for you to colour

Make a London bus out of paper

Double Decker bus

There are two main kinds of buses in London: the red double-decker and the red single-decker.

Single decker bus

The main places a bus goes to are shown on the front of the bus. Some double-deckers have automatic doors and you pay the driver when you go in. On single-deckers you sometimes buy your ticket from a machine in the bus. Most London buses have a conductor who will come round and collect fares.

Sightseeing buses

There are many sightseeing, open top, buses in London and other cities.

Open top bus

 

Trams

Tram

Taxis

In London, the taxis are black but in the rest of the country they are different colours.

Black Cabs are the only taxi you can hail from the street (though they now come in other colours as well). With the "for hire" sign lit, the driver is obliged to stop for you.

A london taxis for you to colour

Trains

Train

The rail network in Britain is one of the most extensive in Europe with over 11,000 miles (17,500km) of lines, some 2,500 stations and around 1,500 trains a day.

Interesting Facts

Britain pioneered railways.

The Stockton and Darlington railway (1825) was the first public passenger railway in the world.

The major stations in London are:

Euston, St Pancras, Victoria and Charing Cross.

The Tube

Tube
"The Tube" is the name of London's underground system

The undergroundThe London underground railway system (or 'tube', as it is known locally) celebrated its centenary in 1990 and is internationally famous, ranking alongside the Paris metro and the New York subway. London's tube network covers the largest area of any underground rail system, with 242 miles (391km of tracks, of which around 106 miles (171 km) is underground, and 267 stations. The tube runs to all areas of central and greater London, connecting all mainline stations.

When in London, "the Tube" is a great means of getting around!

Find out more about travelling on the underground

Interesting Fact

London was the first city in the world to have an underground railway, called the 'tube'. The first line was built in 1890.

Euro Trains

The trains travel under the sea in a very long tunnel called the Channel Tunnel. The tunnel was completed in 1995 and is 50 metres below the sea bed.

Eurostar is the high-speed train service linking London, Ashford, Paris, Brussels, Lille, Avignon, Calais, Disneyland Resort Paris and the French Alps.

Journey Times

London to Paris - 2 hours 15 mins
London to Brussels - 1hr 51 mins
London to Lille - 1hr 20 mins

Eurostar only transports people, if you would like to take you car you have to go on the Euro Shuttle.

The "Shuttle" service joins Calais to Folkestone in 35 minutes. We drive our cars onto the Shuttle trains.

Airports

Aeroplane

ENGLAND : There are 470 airports in England.

London has five airports : Heathrow, Gatwick, Stanstead, London City and Luton. The first three have underground connections to the centre of London and are the main London airports.

Heathrow and Gatwick Airports are the two main centres for overseas flights. London (Heathrow) Airport is one of the largest airports in the world and has two tube stations.

The number of passengers arriving and departing to or from London's airports equalled over 120 million in 2004. Heathrow handled 67m passengers, making the airport the busiest and best connected in the world. Source; CAA, BAA

SCOTLAND :
Prestwick airport.

Ships

Ship

Shipping still remains the main form of cargo transport in to and out of Britain, despite the opening of the Channel Tunnel to France in 1994. The busiest sea port is Dover.

Many ferries cross the seas between England and Spain, Ireland, the Netherlands and France.

Below is some information about ferry crossings from England to Ireland, France, Isle of Wight and Holland

Dover to Calais
Once an hour - Crossing time 75min

Portsmouth to Le Havre
Once a day - Crossing time 5 to 8 hours

Portsmouth to Cherbourg
Once a day - Crossing time 7 to 10 hours

Hull to Rotterdam
Once a day - Crossing time 10 hours

Hull to Zeebrugge
Once a day - Crossing time 15 hours

Liverpool to Dublin
Twice a day - Crossing time 8 hours

Southampton to Isle of Wight
Once an hour - Crossing time 1 hour

Swansea to Cork
Once a day - Crossing time 10 hours

Other transport:

Photo of an Ice Cream Van
by Mike Freedman
http://www.icteachers.co.uk/

Photo of a Fire Engine in England
by Mike Freedman
http://www.icteachers.co.uk/


 

 

What is it like to drive Britain? (Roads and speed limits)

 

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Events and special days in the UK
British Life
Pooh down the River Thames

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Mandy is the creator of the Woodlands Resources section of the Woodlands Junior website. 
The two websites projectbritain.com and primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk are the new homes for the Woodlands Resources.

Mandy left Woodlands in 2003 to work in Kent schools as an ICT Consulatant. 
She now teaches computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.