Facts About Britain
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Britain is in north-west Europe and is an island country ( See map ). It is made up of three countries England, Wales and Scotland.

Great Britain, the United Kingdom and
the British Isles do not mean the same thing!

Britain is only 35 km from France and is now linked by a tunnel under the English Channel. The south of Britain is mostly low-lying land, with hills and agricultural land; the north of England, Wales and Scotland are mostly covered in moorland and mountains. Find out more about the land.

This is one page of many facts we have about England and the country called Britain. See our main Index page

Quick Facts about our Amazing Country!
Geographic coordinates:
 54 00 N, 2 00 W
 Land area:
 243,000 sq km (93,000 sq miles).
 Coastline:
 12,429 km
 Length:
Just under 1,000 km (600 miles) from North to South
 Width:
 About 480 Km from east to west
 Land use:
arable land:25%
permanent crops:0%
permanent pastures:46%
forests and woodland:10%
other:19% (1993 est.)

 Natural resources:

More information

coal, petroleum, natural gas, tin, limestone, iron ore, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, lead, silica, arable land
 Capital City:
  London is the capital of the UK and of England. Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland. Belfast is the capital of Northern Ireland. Cardiff is the capital of Wales.
 Main Cities:
London, Manchester, Birmingham, Liverpool, Glasgow, Edinburgh, Cardiff
Official Language:
 English
 

Main Religion:

More information on Religions

 Christianity
Continent:
 Europe

Number of countries in Europe:

 48
Highest mountain:
 Ben Nevis in Scotland, at 1,343m (4,406 ft) above sea level.
 Lowest Point:
The lowest point in the UK is the Fenlands, which is 4 m below sea level.
 Longest river:
The Severn, 322 km long, which rises in central Wales and flows through Shrewsbury, Worcester and Gloucester in England to the Bristol Channel

Population of UK:
More information on Population

about 59,647,790 (July 2001 est.)

Britain's climate:

More information on Climate

Mild, normally not going much below zero even in the depths of winter, and never much above 25 degrees Celsius in summer. Most of the time it is between 10 and 20 degrees Celsius.

Currency:

Main Money Page

 pound sterling

Symbols associated
with London and England:

Main symbols Page

 

London Pages

Historic British

  • The Beatles, rock-and-roll band from 1962 to 1970
  • Sir Winston Churchill (1874-1965), prime minister from 1940 to 1945 and 1951 to 1955
    Famous Britons
Electricity in England is 240 Volts AC (50Hz).

Food & Drink

 Find out more here

Take our United Kingdom Quiz.

Questions about England
Why does England dominate the UK?

Questions about Great Britain
What is Great Britain?
Is Britain the same as Great Britain?
Which countries are in Great Britain?

Find out about Great Britain

Questions about the United Kingdom
Where is the UK?
What countries make up the UK?
What is the official title (name) of the UK?
Why is the whole of Ireland not part of the UK?
How and why was the UK formed?

Find out about the UK

Questions about the British Isles
What is the British Isles?

Find out about the British Isles

Written and researched by James

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