Facts about Castles

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From early times, people have built protection around them. Stone Age people lived in caves and made defences to keep out wild animals. The first cities built had high stone walls to keep out invaders. Kings and nobles fortified their large large homes to protect themselves.

Framingham pen

What are castles? | Why were castles built? | Where were castles built?

What is the biggest castle in England? | What is the biggest castle in the world?


Rochester Castle, Kent

The great age of castles began almost 1,000 years ago and lasted for nearly 500 years.

What are Castles?

Castles are huge, strong house, where kings and lords once lived with their families, soldiers and servants. They were both a home and a fortress.


Bodiam Castle

Why were Castles built?

They were built to provide safety from attack and to display the owner's rank and wealth.

Where were Castles built?

Castles were often built on hill tops.


Arundel Castle

When were Castles first built?

The first proper castles were built in England after the Norman Conquest in 1066. They were introduced by William the Conqueror, when he invaded England from his homeland in France.

What castle is the biggest in England?

The biggest castle in England is Windsor Castle, one of the three homes of the Queen. It is said to be the largest inhabited fortress in the world.


Windsor Castle

What is the biggest castle in World?

The biggest castle in the world, at about 570 meters length and an average of about 130 meters wide, is Prague Castle, the castle in Prague.

 
Introduction to Castles Dover Castle
Castle Timeline Inside Castles
The Norman Conquest and the first Castles Life in a Castle
Motte and Bailey Castles Castle building and defence
Stone Castles The end of Castles
Why were stone castles built? Websites for further research
 

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