The story of ancient Egypt has survived for thousands of years. Egypt was one of the greatest civilizations of the past. The monuments and tombs of their Pharaohs continue to stand intact, some 4,000 years later!
Where is Egypt?
Egypt is located in the northern part of Africa. To the north of Egypt is the Mediterranean Sea and to the east of Egypt is the Red Sea.
Egypt was once divided into two kingdoms. The kingdom in Lower Egypt was called the red crown and the one in Upper Egypt was known as the white crown.
Map of Egypt
Who was the first king/pharaoh of Egypt?
Around 3000 B. C. the pharaoh of the north conquered the south and Egypt became united. The pharaoh's name was King Narmer (sometimes called Menes). He founded the first capital of Egypt where the two lands met. It was called Memphis. ( Thebes became the next capital of Egypt and then Amarna was made the capital during the reign of King Akhenaten.)