All Roman soldiers wore a uniform and armour to protect them against being wounded in battle
A legionary wore a linen undershirt and a tunic made of wool.
A metal helmet with cheek pieces protcted the head.
On the front of the helmet , about 3" above the rim is a protrusion protecting the forehead. This was designed to prevent sword blows from penetrating the helmet and causing head injuries.
The rear of the helmet had a guard that protected the neck from sword blows.
The body armour made from overlapping iron strips. These metal strips were fastened with hooks and laces at the front and hinged at the back. These were held together by vertical leather strips on the inside. This enable the soldier to be well protected and also be flexible enough to allow him to bend. The armour was strengthened by front and back plates below the neck. The shoulders were protected by a pair of curved pieces.