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The Roman Army

 

Introduction to Soldiers Roman Army Roman Officers
Equipment Soldier's weapon Armour
Artillery Standard Bearers Formations
Roman Auxiliary Army Training Roman Shields

RomanIntroduction

The spread of the Roman Empire was partly due to the fact that the Roman army was so well organised. At the time of its invasion of Britain, the Roman army was the most disciplined and efficient killing machine that the ancient world had ever known. Its men were well-equipped and highly trained, and operated in strict formation on the battlefield.

A centurion commanded 80 men divided into ten sections of eight. Six centuries of eighty men formed a cohort, and ten cohorts made up a legion (about 5,000).

Roman Army
A Roman centurion leading his men.

Interesting Fact

There were no women in the Roman army.

RomanThe Roman Soldier

The army was divided into two groups - legionaries and auxiliaries.

Roman Legion
Roman Auxilary
Roman Legionary
Roman Auxiliary

RomanRoman Legionary

The Roman legionary was a soldier who was a Roman citizen younger than 45.

The legionaires of the Roman army were recruited only from those who had Roman citizenship. By the first century, many inhabitants of Italy, Spain and Gaul (France) were Roman citizens and were eligible to serve.

Legionaires served in the army for 20 years. They were well-armed and well trained fighting men They were also skilled engineers and craftsmen because they had to build roads, bridges and forts.

RomanRoman Auxiliary

The Auxiliaries of the Roman army were non-Roman citizens. They were recruited from tribes that had been conquered by Rome or were allied to Rome. Roman Auxiliaries were paid less than the legionaires and had to serve for 25 years, after which they became Roman citizens.

RomanThe Roman Calvary

A troop of 120 horsemen, who served as scouts and messengers were attached to each Roman legion.

Calvary

Roman Soldiers Roman Army Roman Officers
Equipment Soldier's weapon Armour
Artillery Standard Bearers Formations
Roman Auxiliary Army Training Roman Shields

Other websites

Dress the Roman Legionaire

 
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© Copyright Mandy Barrow 2013

Mandy left Woodlands in 2003 to work in Kent schools as an ICT Consulatant.
She now teaches computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.

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