Timeline British History

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Stuart
Roamn Britain
Saxon Britain
Viking Britain
Norman Britain
Tudor Britain
Victorian Britain
World War Two
BC
43
450
793
1066
1485
1603
1714
1837
1939

British history is long and rich going back thousands of years. Time after time between about 2,700 years ago and 950 years ago, attackers, settlers and raiders arrived in the British Isles. They found new kingdoms and bought with them new beliefs and technologies.

For our timeline we shall divide the period of British history into ten main chunks to try and explain what was happening in England and Britain during the last six thousand years.

Prehistoric Britain Roman Britain Anglo Saxon Britain
Viking Britain Medieval Britain (Normans) Tudor Britain
Stuart Britain Georgian Britain Victorian Britain
Modern Britain
Prehistoric Britain

Old Stone Age

The first men and women came to Britain over two and a half million years ago. As the climate got warmer at the end of the second ice age, tribes of hunters and gatherers of food, who used simple stone tools and weapons, made their way into Britain. It was normal for them to move from place to place so they could find new resources.

These people left no literature, but they did leave many burial chambers, monuments and artifacts. Stone circles, Neolithic tombs and tools have been found all over the British Isles from the tip of Cornwall in the south to the very north of Scotland.

Britain used to be joined to the European land mass by a land bridge. It is believed that Stone Age man migrated to Britain across the land bridge. Britain became an island separate from the rest of Europe about 8,500 years ago, when melting ice formed the English Channel.

BC
Britain
Abroad
500,000 People migrate to Britain from Europe.  
6500 Seas rise, cutting Britain off from mainland Europe  
4000

Neolithic or New Stone Age begins: farming people arrive from Europe.

First evidence of farming
Farming quickly spread all across the British Isles. Land is cleared, wheat and barley planted , and herds of domesticated sheep, cattle, and pigs raised.

New Stone Age people lived in rectangular log cabins, similar in style to those of the early American West.

   
3000 First stone circles erected.  
2300

Bronze Age begins

First metal workers
People learn to make bronze weapons and tools
.
Introduction of cremation of the dead and burials in round barrows.

Beaker culture - their name is thought to originate from the distinctive beakers that accompanied their burials. They were farmers and archers. They lived in round huts (similar to the Celts) with a low stone wall for a base. The roof was made of thatch, turf, or hides.

 
2000 Stonehenge built  
1650 Trade routes begin to form  
    1136-1327 Pharaoh Tutankhamen rules Egypt
1200 Small Villages are first formed  
    753 Romulus and Remus found Rome.
750 Iron Age begins: iron replaces bronze as most useful metal. Most people of the Iron Age were farmers, merchants, or craftspeople.
Population about 150,000.
 
    563 Birth of Prince Siddhartha Gautama. He later became Buddha
    509 Rome expels kings and becomes a republic.
500 The Celtic people arrive from Central Europe.
The Celts were farmers and lived in small village groups in the centre of their arable fields. They were also warlike people.
 
    432 The Parthenon temple is built in Athens, Greece
 
Stuart
Roamn Britain
Saxon Britain
Viking Britain
Norman Britain
Tudor Britain
Victorian Britain
World War Two
BC
43
450
793
1066
1485
1603
1714
1837
1939

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