Victorians Homework Resources

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  Who were they? Why are the Victorians so Famous?
Queen Victoria Life in Victorian times
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Who were the Victorians?
The Victorians lived over one hundred and fifty years ago during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837 to 1901) and was a time of enormous change in this country. In 1837 most people lived in villages and worked on the land; by 1901, most lived in towns and worked in offices, shops and factories.

Who was Queen Victoria?
Queen Alexandrine Victoria was born on the 24th of May in 1819. Her father died eight months after she was born.

When did Victoria become Queen?
Queen Victoria came to the throne when she was only 18 years of age in 1837. She was Queen of England for 64 years, making her our longest ever serving monarch.

Who did she marry?
At the age of 21, Victoria married Prince Albert, a German Prince, on the 10th February 1840 and they had nine children.

Why are they so famous?
The Victorian period was a time of tremendous change in the lives of British people. During Queen Victoria's reign:

  • Britain became the most powerful country in the world, with the largest empire that had ever existed, ruling a quarter of the world's population.
  • The number of people living in Britain more than doubled, causing a huge demand for food, clothes and housing.
  • Factories and machines were built to meet this demand and new towns grew up, changing the landscape and the ways people lived and worked.
  • Railways, originally built to transport goods, meant people could travel easily around the country for the first time.

How can we find out what life was like during the Victorian times?
We can learn about the Victorians in various ways:

  • We can still see some of their buildings.
  • Enormous railway stations remind us that rail was new and important form of transport.
  • We can study Victorian maps and documents, such as the forms that were filled in during the census.
  • Photography was invented during Victoria's reign, so people could now record on film what daily life was like.

What was life like living during the Victorian times?
The quality of life depended on whether you were rich or poor. If you were rich you could have a good and easy life. But if you were poor you could have a rough and hard life, often ending up in the workhouse or early death.

What was Family life like during the Victorian times?
Families and family structure were very important to Victorians. They were usually large, in 1870 the many families had five or six children.Each member of the family had their own role and children were taught to "know their place" and "be seen and not heard". All households except the very poorest had servants to do their everyday work.

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