was named after the place of her birth and is known as 'The lady with
Nightingale was born in Florence, Italy on 12 May 1820. Her father was
a wealthy landowner. She was brought up in Derbyshire (where she spent
her summers) and Hampshire ( where she spent her winters).
Rich English girls such as Florence were expected
to do - almost nothing. Florence couldn't bear the boredom of it. Instead she became interested
in hospitals and by 1853 was running a hospital in London.
At the time when Florence was born, many girls did not receive any type of education. Florence was very lucky because her father, William Nightingale, believed that all women should receive an education. He taught Florence and her sister a variety of subjects ranging from science and mathematics to history and philosophy.
As Florence grew up she developed an interest in helping others. She cared for sick pets and servants whenever she had the chance.
At seventeen years of age, she believed she was called into service by God “to do something toward lifting the load of suffering from the helpless and miserable.”
At first her parents refused to allow her to become a nurse because, at that time, it was not thought to be a suitable profession for a well educated woman. But Florence did not give up. Eventually in 1851 her father gave his permission and Florence went to Germany to train as a nurse.
1849 - traveled to Europe to study the European hospital system.
1850 - traveled to Alexandria, Egypt and began studying nursing at the Institute of Saint Vincent de Paul.
1851 - aged thirty-one, went to Germany to train to become a nurse.
1853 - became superintendent of the Hospital for Gentlewomen in London.
1854 - the Crimean War broke out.
In 1854 Florence Nightingale was asked to go to Turkey to manage the nursing of British soldiers wounded in the Crimean War
(1854 - 56). She traveled to Scutari (the location where the wounded
and ill soldiers of the Crimean War were taken) to help the wounded soldiers.
She found the hospital conditions to be in a very poor
state. Many of the wounded were unwashed and were sleeping in overcrowded,
dirty rooms without blankets or decent food. In these conditions diseases such as typhus, cholera and dysentery spread quickly. As a result, the
death rate amongst wounded soldiers was very high. Most soldiers died from infections and disease. (Only one in six died
from their war wounds; the other five in six died from infections and
Florence and her nurses changed these conditions. They
set up a kitchen, fed the wounded from their own supplies, dug latrines
for sanitation, and asked for help from the wives of the wounded. They
were then able to properly care for the ill and wounded and the death
rate among the soldiers dropped.
Why was Florence Nightingale
called 'The lady of the lamp' ?
Florence was very dedicated to her job. She would often
visit the soldiers at night when every one was asleep just to make sure
they were ok. She was then referred to as “The
Lady of the Lamp” because she hardly took time off to sleep.
Florence became a true hero to the soldiers and everyone back home in
Forence Nightingale changed nursing
Florence Nightingale was truly inspirational and changed
the face of nursing from a mostly untrained profession to a highly skilled
and well-respected medical profession with very important responsibilities.
Florence Nightingale - An online story book about her life
Nightingale (1820 - 1910 )
Florence Nightingale was the daughter of a well-to-do family in England. During
the Crimean War, she was put in charge of nursing. She carried a lamp as she
walked the halls of the battlefield hospital and became known as the "lady
with the lamp".